“…through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory,”
–Paul the apostle, Romans 3:7
The long-time legend, passed down from generation to generation, which states Jesus Christ was tortured, killed, and then rose from the dead three days later is a fact—with no ifs, ands, or buts about it—to those raised since birth to believe it. To those who weren’t indoctrinated as children to believe such a physics defying story it’s thought, justifiably, to be a work of pure fiction. In truth, there is absolutely no reason to believe such an occasion as the resurrection did, or could have happened; or any other purported “miracle” within the pages of the Bible with no evidence behind them to be considered a solid claim—historically or scientifically. While they did feel he was a prophet when he lived, these Godly beliefs were by no means the beliefs of the men who really carried on Jesus’ ministry after he died; they were the lies of a hijacker by the made up name of Saul of Tarsus; also known as St. Paul the Apostle. He is an extremely important character in the grand scheme of Christianity. So who was he? Well, according to Biblepath.com:
“Saul (later to be known as the apostle Paul)… from the Jewish tribe of Benjamin… a Pharisee… a great persecution broke out against the Christian Church… Saul… dragged off Christian men and women and put them in prison… About noon, as he came near to Damascus, suddenly a bright light from heaven flashed around him… Jesus instructed Saul to get up and go into Damascus… Saul was to become known as the apostle to the Gentiles… Saul’s great abilities and earnest enthusiasm in spreading the gospel of Christ have made his name revered wherever the Christian religion is known. It is his writings which make up much of the New Testament of the Bible… Most of his missionary efforts were in what is modern day Greece and Turkey; and the surrounding areas… When Paul returned to Rome… By order of the Emperor Nero, [he] was beheaded with a sword.”
As we can see, Paul was heavily instrumental in spreading the word of “the Lord” in the earliest of days of the “followers of the way,” as the carrying on ministry behind Jesus was called back then—Christian was actually a derogatory name to begin with. Questions galore pop in the mind of the non-Christian regarding Biblepath.com’s explanation of Paul, which is just a basic retelling of the Bible’s glorification of the guy. Non-Christians generally know one character: Jesus. But according to Biblepath.com, Paul is one of the most important people in the New Testament!
How does this unknown man get credit for writing most of the New Testament? Well, the most important aspect to note of Paul’s part in the Bible is his entrance; this should be scrutinized relentlessly, not blindly accepted. By the Bibles own admission he wasn’t one of Jesus’ disciples; he never met Jesus in his life; he only claimed to have met Jesus after his death. Not only that, but the explanation of Paul’s introduction to the Lord—literally in heaven—is told three different ways within the same writing at one point in the Bible; an easy way to spot a liar; and I’m positive any professional interrogator would agree.
As the story goes, years after Jesus was crucified, Paul was on his way to Damascus under strict orders to kill Christ’s remaining ministry members—when suddenly Jesus started to talk to him from the sky:
“And it came about… as he journeyed… suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him… he fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to him, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’ And he said, ‘Who art Thou, Lord?’ And He said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting, but rise and enter the city and it will be told to you what you must do.’ And the men who travelled with him stood speechless, hearing the voice but seeing no one.” –Acts 9:3-7.
Next, in the same book, a few chapters later, the story changes:
“And I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul… And I answered, ‘who art Thou, Lord?’ And He said to me, ‘I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’ And those that were with me beheld the light, but to be sure, but did not understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me.’” –Acts 22:7-9.
As we can clearly see, just before (in Acts 9:3), the Bible tells us Paul and the men he was with all heard the voice, but the two others with him didn’t see anything out of the ordinary; then, right after in Acts 22:7, the men with Paul see the light, but don’t hear the voice. The two accounts completely contradict each other—within the same book! Next is the third rendition: the Book of Acts 26:13, 14.
“…at midday, O King, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, shining all around me and those who were journeying with me. And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the Hebrew dialect, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’”
In this last excerpt, the style of penmanship has changed altogether; the language is different; the story is different. Now all three men fall to the ground—they were standing and Paul fell in the other two versions. Once again only Paul hears the voice; and “in a Hebrew dialect”? Would a Hebrew man of the Tribe of Benjamin even have to clarify? Of course he wouldn’t. Regardless of all that, we can now clearly see the telling of the same story has changed dramatically three times in one book—inconsistent; unbelievable; not a shred of evidence to support it.
To add a little logic to this fantastical situation, if Jesus—”the Almighty God,” as they say—has the power to just appear in the clouds to communicate with people, which is a ridiculous idea to begin with, why only do it only once in history to a man he never knew? If he really cared about the state of the world, why not intervene during World War II when his people—remember Jesus was Jewish, not Christian—were being hideously tortured in cruel and unusual ways, tested on like animals, gassed, starved, burned, and slaughtered by the millions? Where was Jesus on September 10th, 2001? There are disgusting wars being waged in the Middle East and Africa with devastating human and earthly consequences; where is he now?
Also, if a plane was flying overhead, people on the ground would be able to see it for miles; one man can’t see something in the sky that no others witness, especially given that Paul describes the light he encountered as being bright enough to blind him, but nowhere else in history do we hear of a blinding light over Damascus; and a light that bright would irradiate the whole southern hemisphere!
To understand how important Paul is to the religion known as Christianity today, one must first understand the chronology of the New Testament’s authorship. The New Testament is designed to make its reader think the four gospels—Mark, Luke, John, and Matthew—which tell the story of Christ’s life (different every time), were written long before the books that follow them—Acts to Revelation—but that’s simply not the case. The first book written in the New Testament is widely agreed upon by experts to be Paul’s First Letter to the Thessalonians—written in c. 50 AD—which sits near the back of the Bible in page order, seemingly as a letter written in support of the gospels, but it’s actually the reverse. The first to be written of the four introductory gospels was the Book of Mark, nearly twenty years after Thessalonians; well after Paul had left his heavy influence on the faith he was the most instrumental in creating.
His impact involved turning Jesus into a God among men; the idea of the trinity; the worship of the instrument used to torture Jesus to death; bringing the story of Christ to non-Jews; and spreading the Christian cult throughout the Roman Empire. In actuality, the leadership of Jesus’ ministry continued on under James, his brother, the actual first bishop of the Church of Jerusalem—a Judaic-Christian Church which adhered strictly to the Law of Moses, and who did not consider Jesus a god. Paul had no right from them at all to spread his version of Christianity. For evidence of this, we’ll look at Galatians 1:1 where Paul writes:
“Paul, an apostle (not sent from men, nor through the agency of man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father).”
What this says, in modern terms, is Paul is an apostle appointed by Jesus, not his continuing ministry in Jerusalem; he’s appointed himself in his rank as an apostle without the consent of those he needed it from. Also, notice how Paul separates Jesus and God in the verse above, as if they are two different people; he’s the one responsible for that whole ludicrous, unexplainable theory. You see, Paul was a Hellenist—a Greek influenced culture of Judaism—and therefore a dualist—to halves to the whole. As religious researcher Ally Shabir recently stated in a debate on Paul the Apostle’s influence on the Christian faith:
“[Paul] confused Deuteronomy 6:4… ‘Your Lord God is one,’ and made it ‘there’s a Lord and a God.’”
This is interesting because the Orthodox Church would end up bending this view in their favour later on.
A bit further up, Paul once again reasserts his position over the actual disciples of Jesus to the Galatians (1:11):
“For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel preached by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.”
It’s abundantly clear from this last comment the intent of Paul’s agenda. He’s saying outright, It doesn’t matter what the Church of Jerusalem says about Jesus, I have nothing to do with them. What I’m saying is true because Jesus told me himself—even though he was long dead. This is further illustrated a few verses up when Paul tells of what he did after his revelation from the sky:
“…that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood, nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to Damascus.” –Galatians 1:16, 17.
So Jesus appears to Paul, and instead of going to Jerusalem to join the brethren and tell them the good news, he goes to Arabia and back to Damascus to preach? Preach what? By what authority is he really doing this? The answer is: Nobodies. He’s telling us right there how he hijacked the legend of Jesus and began to spread his own word all over the place, bending the story to fit his every whim by claiming authority from a sky-god. Here is what Jesus is quoted to have said to his disciples about spreading his word to non-Jews:
“Do not go in the ways of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the Samaritans.” –Matthew 1:5.
Jesus, as history shows and as we will prove later in this series, was a revolutionary ordering his troops to go through Jerusalem and gather support for his cause—to get rid of the gentiles from Rome illegally occupying Israel and taxing his people. He states, according to the Bible, to stay away from the gentiles because he’s trying to reclaim a Hebrew run holy land—gentiles literally meaning “non-Hebrew”; the enemy. There’s no way he’s telling his disciples, “I got this place called heaven, but only tell Jewish people.” That’s just silly. As we will learn, Jesus was a Hebrew holyman recruiting Jewish Israelites, not anyone he could; that was Paul’s idea. To further this point, here’s how Paul speaks of his apparent first meeting with the disciples:
“But from those who were of high reputation (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—well, those who were of reputation contributed nothing to me.” -Galatians 2:6.
“Those of high reputation,” would be the Jesus’s actual disciples and continuing radical ministry. It’s clear what Paul’s feelings of them were based on the above quotation. He saw them as nobody to be his teacher. He, in fact, is the one who teaches them of his revelation, or at least that’s how he tells it.
In the next chapter of Galatians Paul publically rebukes Peter; Jesus’ supposed favorite disciple. We have many records within the Bible of Paul claiming his authority over the people who personally knew Jesus—Galatians 2:11, 1 Corinthians 11:23, 1 Corinthians 15:3-5 are a few more examples if you care to look them up.
A look at the Book of Acts tells us after Jesus’s death, his twelve disciples continued to attend the Synagogue; recognize Judaic prayer times; and preached the word of Yahweh—they remained devout Jews. In the Bible, the Letter of James (Jesus’ real brother and predecessor) has the Jerusalem Church attendee’s “atoning for their sins”—proof they didn’t believe Jesus had died to forgive them. The Letter of James, which is thought to actually have been written by one of James’ followers from the Church of Jerusalem, certainly not James, has him preaching the word of Yahweh throughout it. They were Jewish, not Christian.
Paul, on the other hand, stakes his own claim as the man appointed by Jesus to spread the word to “the uncircumcised,” but this is a huge contradiction to the belief system of Jesus; he was a devout practicing Jewish man—a “rabbi” as they called him, which by Jewish law also means was married, but that’s a story for another day. See Genesis 17 to verify God, who is purportedly Jesus, commanding Abraham to keep all Hebrews circumcised “as a sign of the covenant between Him and His people”; a law Jesus wouldn’t dream of breaking! Matthew 5:17, 18 has Jesus saying:
“I did not come to abolish the Law… For I truly say to you… not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass away from the Law…”
“The Law,” just to be perfectly clear, is Mosaic Law—the Holy Law of the Hebrew people.
To get an ID on who Paul the Apostle really was, an ancient Greek writing whose author identifies himself as Clement I, second bishop of Rome, who history shows held office from 92 AD–99 AD, holds a big clue. The document in question is known as the Clementine Homilies, a very rare, very hidden, detailed description of when and why Clement was made bishop by Simon Peter. In relation to Paul, at one point in the text a letter from Peter to James exists:
“Peter to James, the lord and bishop of the holy Church, under the Father of all, through Jesus Christ, wishes peace always.
Knowing, my brother, your eager desire… which is for the advantage of us all, I beg and beseech you not to communicate to any one of the Gentiles the books of my preachings which I sent to you, nor to any one of our own tribe before trial… for if it be not so done, our word of truth will be rent into many opinions. And this I know… already seeing the beginning of this very evil. For some from among the Gentiles have rejected my legal preaching, attaching themselves to certain lawless and trifling preaching of the man who is my enemy. And these things some have attempted while I am still alive, to transform my words by certain various interpretations, in order to the dissolution of the law.” –The Clementine Homilies, Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
Aside from Peter saying outright that the apostles recognized strict Jewish Law and meant to keep it that way, he also identifies, “a man who is my enemy”; a man preaching Peter’s words to the gentiles of Rome and twisting them horribly to fit his own agenda. Could this gentile be Paul?
For our next entry we’ll look at the Latin discovered version of this text: Clementine Recognitions. To set our scene up: Like his brother Jesus used to, James is in the Temple recruiting followers:
“And when matters were at that point that they should come and be baptized, some one of our enemies, entering the temple with a few men, began to cry out, and to say, ‘What mean ye, O men of Israel?.. Why are ye led headlong by most miserable men, who are deceived by Simon, a magician?’
While he was thus speaking… and while James the bishop was refuting him, he began to excite the people and to raise a tumult, so that the people might not be able to hear what was said.
Therefore he began to drive all into confusion with shouting… and at the same time to reproach the priests… to excite everyone to murder, saying, ‘What do ye? Why do ye hesitate? …why do we not lay hands upon them, and pull all these fellows to pieces?’
When he had said this, he first… set the example of smiting… Then ensued a tumult on either side, of the beating and the beaten. Much blood is shed… in the midst of which that enemy attacked James, and threw him headlong from the top of the steps; and supposing him to be dead, he cared not to inflict further violence upon him.
But our friends lifted him up… when the evening came… we returned to the house of James, and spent the night there… Then before daylight we went down to Jericho… 5000 men. Then after three days one of the brethren came… bringing to us secret tidings that that enemy had received a commission from Caiaphas, the chief priest, that he should arrest all who believed in Jesus, and should go to Damascus with his letters, and that there also, employing the help of the unbelievers, he should make havoc among the faithful; and that he was hastening to Damascus chiefly on this account, because he believed that Peter had fled thither.
And about thirty days thereafter he stopped on his way while passing through Jericho going to Damascus. At that time we were absent, having gone out to the sepulchres of two brethren which were whitened of themselves every year, by which miracle the fury of many against us was restrained, because they saw that our brethren were had in remembrance before God.” –The Recognitions of Clement.
It was somewhat of a lengthy excerpt, so we’ll dissect the crucial content held inside starting from the top. The scene enters with James in the Temple preaching the word to his fellow Israelites, apparently right on the verge of inducting initiates to the new Church of Jerusalem by means of baptism, when one of their enemies comes walking in with a couple thugs. Try as he may, James can’t get a word in edgewise, and these thugs begin to terrorize and him and his ministry—so bad that blood is spilling, eventually leading to James being hurled down a staircase by that very enemy. By staying still and playing dead, James avoids a further thrashing, and afterwards hides the night out at his house with a number of his ministry. With Jerusalem no longer safe, James flees early the next morning with his team of 5000 followers to Jericho. This is where this story explodes!
This unnamed “enemy” of the church receives a commission from the high-priest to go to Damascus and arrest all the followers of Christ’s ongoing ministry he can find—James’ ministry, who were called The Way. Having received word ahead of this happening, James and company flee in fear to a hidden spot they know of just outside of town; and right in time for this enemy of theirs to miss them when he stops in Jericho for a few days. Why is this enormous news? The Bible states Paul was commissioned by the high-priest to persecute Christians in Damascus:
“Now Saul [Paul], still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest, and asked for letters from him to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, both men and women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.” –Acts 9:1-3.
This puts our enemy from the Clementine documents who received word from the High-Priest to pursue and arrest followers of the Way, the very one who threw James down the stairs and followed him to Damascus, as the same man the Bible tells us was commissioned by the High-Priest to pursue followers of The Way to Damascus: Paul the Apostle!
In the New Testament, Paul is credited with the authorship of thirteen letters to various church’s and governments. These letters are the base of Christian faith as it exists today—the blind faith aspect of believing in Christ, the virgin birth, the resurrection, the miracles, and, of course, the heavily implied anti-Semitism which has been forced down the church’s follower’s throats for all of its history—all a product of Paul and his manipulations.
Paul’s letters are quite revealing of his agenda to shift the blame for the death of Jesus on the Jews, which is crazy because Jesus was Jewish—Paul’s constantly asserting his authority over the Hebrew Followers of the Way and implying they aren’t to be trusted: while outright saying the entire Jewish race is not to be trusted. We’ll dissect each of Paul’s writings in chronological order to gain further perspective of this.
First we have The First Letter to the Thessalonians, written c. 51 AD, which sits as Book number thirteen in the New Testament. During Paul’s ministry of preaching, the second city he visited in Europe was Thessalonica, a Grecian port city. As to be expected, the Roman authorities demanded Paul and his cronies leave town as word got out that he was trying to convert everyone he could find away from their faith, Jewish or Gentile. Obeying orders and leaving for Athens, Paul then sent back one of his minions by the name of Timothy to keep preaching and converting there. As a result a small church was set up. Thessalonians is a letter to keep that church obedient to Paul as an authority appointed by God; create malice against the Jewish race and the Church of Jerusalem; and to get them converting others in Greece. To get an idea of where Paul’s intent is at, we’ll go over a few quotations:
“…the Jews, who both killed our Lord Jesus and the prophets and drove us out. They are not pleasing to God, but hostile to all men, hindering us from speaking to the Gentiles that they might be saved… But wrath has come upon them to the utmost.” -1 Thessalonians 2:14-16.
Here, in Paul’s own words, we have an admission that the Jewish Church of Jerusalem (James’ church) was against his preachings to the Gentiles, and the satisfaction he gets from them being persecuted and martyred. This is also a perfect example of the hate propaganda against the Jewish race—the race he claims to be at times when it’s convenient—that Paul’s works are filled with. The next verse, relating to “those who have died,” is quite revealing:
“…we do not want you… to be uninformed… about those who are asleep… For we believe that Jesus died and rose again… By this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, and remain until the coming of the Lord, shall not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout… Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and thus we shall always be with the Lord.” -1 Thessalonians 4:13-17.
This verse is quite telling of the promises Paul was making to his audiences while he was preaching. Quite clearly he is saying here that Jesus is due to return at any minute; definitely within his own lifetime—“we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord.” Taking this aspect of urgency into consideration, it makes it easier to understand how Paul and his cronies were converting people to their cult so successfully.
Most Christians today live their lives thinking Jesus will judge them after they die; thus, asking their acceptance of their Lord and saviour before death is a requirement, but not as much an urgent one. Paul was saying, “There’s no time to fool around! He’ll be here any minute and if you don’t convert now, you’ll be too late!” This method, which is used by many factions of Christianity today and always has been, is extremely effective. It’s comparable to 9/11 and the Iraq invasion. The fear inflicted in the United States because of the planes hitting the twin towers gave their government the urgency they needed to send their troops to invade a country that wasn’t even involved. Ten years later the American people as a majority feel it was the wrong move to attack Iraq, and are upset with the domino effect of invasions happening in the Middle East since; and though some won’t fully admit it out loud, they know they were taken advantage of in the wake of the panic—that’s the power of fear and urgency. This is precisely how Paul was so effective at attracting converts, his level of urgency.
It’s also interesting in the above quote to note Paul’s description of Jesus descending “from heaven with a shout,” to wake up all the dead Christians to fly up into the clouds to live with him. As we see none of these things spoken of the gospels, we can only assume Paul is making this bit up completely, most likely on the spot. To put it in perspective, if someone were to tell you today that heaven is in the clouds, you would call them crazy. Anyone who has taken a flight in an airplane knows it’s not. But, when you put yourself in the shoes of an ancient man in Macedonia two thousand years ago, the sky is as mysterious as God himself. The sky, in fact, is associated with the gods of most ancient cultures. Pyramids were built to emulate mountains because mountains were the gateways to the gods; who lived in the sky. To your average ancient man of the status quo, Paul’s story would seem more than believable.
Because of the message of urgency in Paul’s first letter, his Second Letter to the Thessalonians is his attempt at a take back. The Christians in Thessalonica had taken Paul’s words to mean the end of the world was at hand, which was clearly his message. But, because of this, the people of Thessalonica stopped going to work—which was spreading Paul’s word—and sitting around like doomsdayers staring at the sky for a glimpse of Jesus. Knowing this would lead to an eventual breakdown of his Macedonian arm, Paul invented the Anti-Christ and tried to pass him off as something the Macedonians should have known about all along—duh!—though he was never mentioned in the much longer first letter before. Either way, meet the Anti-Christ:
“…that you may not be shaken from your composure… to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come until the… man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship… he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as God. Do you not remember that while I was with you, I was telling you these things?”-2 Thessalonians 2:2-8.
With this “son of destruction” set to appear right before the apocalypse, people could get back to work. All that was left was to remind the Thessalonians who was boss:
“Now we command you… in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep aloof from every brother who leads an unruly life and not according to the tradition that you received from us.” -2 Thessalonians 3:6.
“And if anyone does not obey our instruction in this letter, take special note of that man and do not associate with him, so that he may be put to shame.” -2 Thessalonians 3:14.
Next in line we come to the Letter to the Galatians, estimated to be written by Paul around 55 AD; either right before, or right after the Letter of James, making it fourth in order of chronology, though it sits tenth in order of New Testament Books. Located in Asia Minor, the Galatians were first haunted by Paul on his second missionary journey, this letter written to them during his third. As we have seen from examples in the beginning of this chapter, this is the letter where Paul claims his authority over the Jerusalem Church and the “Judeo-Christians”, and its founders, who, as we know, were Jesus’ actual ministry.
Here in Paul’s letter we see him strongly warning the Galatians against falling for the gospel of the Judaeo-Christians, whom, it clearly appears, came to the Galatians after Paul to correct his wild story of their fallen messiah, telling the Gentiles of Galatia they must be circumcised to be of the faith as the Law of Moses requires. Paul writes this letter in response:
“I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel, which is really not another, only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ… I say again now, if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to that which you received, let him be accursed.” –Galatians 1:6-9.
Get the picture?
The picture of Simon Peter, a devout Hebrew, travelling around to spread his version of Christ makes sense when one takes into account there was someone else is out there hijacking his sacred beliefs and exploiting them. As we have seen in the Clementine Homilies, Peter describes having problems explaining to the Gentiles the true story of Jesus because of the “certain lawless and trifling preaching of the man who is my enemy.” As we can now see in Galatians, Paul is adamant of convincing his followers he is the true authority for Jesus after death; all who try to prove otherwise are liars, especially those who knew him in real life. Here we will break down Galatians 1:11-2:6 in two parts.:
“For you have heard of my former manner of life… I used to persecute the church of God beyond measure… But when He… called me through His Grace… that I might preach among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood, nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles… but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to Damascus… three years later I went up to Jerusalem to become acquainted with Cephas, and stayed with him for about fifteen days. But I did not see any other of the apostles except James, the Lord’s brother…”
Right here we have a few vital things to note: Paul telling us that James is Jesus’s brother, which the Bible mentions repeatedly but for some reason many Christians have trouble believing; also, we see it took Paul three years from the time he starting preaching his gospel to the time he actually went to Jerusalem; and then, when he finally gets to Jerusalem he stays for only two weeks, talking to none of the fathers of the church except Cephas, which is another name for Peter. He reports seeing James, but gives no detail about talking to him at all. James, after all, was preaching to large crowds at that time just as Jesus had, so it’s likely Paul only saw him preaching, unless this is the exact time he threw him down the stairs as the Clement papers and the Bible corroborate happening. It is hard to believe though, for a few reasons, that Paul ever stayed with Peter; mainly because he contradicts that very statement in this next one we’ll see by saying “I was unknown to the church leaders in Judea,” after he leaves Jerusalem his first time. Let’s take a look:
“Then I went to the regions of Syria and Cicilia. And I was still unknown by sight to the churches of Judea which were in Christ; but only they kept hearing, ‘He who once persecuted us is now preaching the faith which he once tried to destroy’… Then after an interval of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem… and I submitted to them the gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but I did so in private to those who were of reputation… But from those who were of high reputation (what they were makes no difference to me…) well, those who were of reputation contributed nothing to me.”
If Paul had stayed with Peter (Cephas) for two weeks, Peter and the rest of the church leaders would certainly have known who Paul was, especially since he had been preaching his own gospel for over three years by that time, as he before claimed. But now we have Paul, a few sentences later in the same letter, stating it took him another fourteen years after that to return to Jerusalem a second time to finally meet “those of high reputation”; before which time the Church of Jerusalem were well aware of someone going around and preaching their faith with no authority. Didn’t at least Peter know it was him? Didn’t he say he stayed with Peter three years into his ministry? If they were aware that Paul used to persecute their faith, how were they not aware of him also preaching it? By Paul’s own account they were both aware and unaware of him at the same time. Clearly he is lying again! The only way Paul would know the leaders of the church would be from his job of a Christian prosecutor. By telling the Galatians, who don’t know the real church in Judea, he personally knows the church, he can assert his authority over them:
“But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face… For… he used to eat meat with the Gentiles… I said to Cephas in the presence of all, ‘If you, being a Jew, live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it you tell compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?.. May it never be! For through the Law I died to the Law… I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me.’” –Galatians 2:11-20.
Whether or not this situation really happened, the moral of the story is clear. Paul is claiming to have publicly rebuked Peter in front of a crowd at the Church of Antioch. He proclaims his power over him and even goes so far as to claim he was crucified with Jesus! Even though he means it metaphorically, for someone to say that to Peter—someone who was at the crucifixion—would be a bold move indeed! Of course Paul gives no account of a reply from Peter in his letter and leaves the story on a high note; the story having been told for no other reason other than the message behind it—Paul’s in charge.
Furthermore Paul then scolds the Galatians for daring to believe the Jewish-Christians commandments to obey Mosaic Law, telling them they no longer have to live by the Law because Jesus came to abolish it; now they have to live by “faith”, also known as believing in something that has no evidence to back it up, and only the faith he preaches:
“You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you..? This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?.. Even Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. Therefore, be sure that it is those of faith who are sons of Abraham.” –Galatians 3:1-7.
This is actually a clever manipulation of words directed towards completely baseless mind control.
Translation: “You idiots, who’s been talking to you and telling you Jesus was a Jew who followed the Law of Moses? All I wanna know is: did you start believing in Jesus because of the Law of Moses, or because I told you to have faith? When God asked Abraham to slaughter his son Isaac he went to do it, no questions asked, and God respected him for it. Therefore, if you believe exactly what I tell you about Jesus, God will love you as much as He loves Abraham.”
Unfortunately for Paul and anyone who believes this logic, Abraham almost killing his son because God told him to was not a noble thing to do; it was a stupid thing to do, and in all probability it never even happened. Once again, like in all his letters, Paul is forcing his followers to completely take his word for it when it comes to Jesus and no one else’s; and he’s forcing them to do it for no other reason than faith.
Some scholars, such as Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh, believe Paul wasn’t even a Jewish man as the Bible tends to say, but instead an imposter; an agent of the Romans—and I agree. In his letter sent the Galatians, who were gentiles, it is interesting to note what Paul pens here:
“Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law… in order that… the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we may receive the promise of the spirit through faith.” –Galatians 3:13, 14.
When it is convenient Paul refers to himself as a Jew, but every now and then he slips up. Here he is undoubtedly noting himself as a Gentile.
In 57 AD, just west of Athens sat the port city of Corinth. Known for drinking, taverns, and wild parties, it consisted of a Greek, Roman, and Oriental population, held a 20,000 person outdoor theatre, and the Temple of Aphrodite. Paul visited Corinth on his second missionary around 50 AD and was thrown out of the Synagogue for preaching against the Law—typical—at which point he moved next door to the House of Titius Justus to preach to the gentiles. After receiving a letter from the church in Corinth seven years later in regards to problems that were occurring among their congregation, the First Letter to the Corinthians is Paul’s response back, quite a long one, to install his doctrine.
Like all of the church’s Paul had set up, the Corinthian’s were divided amongst themselves on the meanings of many aspects regarding Christianity—such as the rules for worship, marriage, food, and the resurrection. In his explanations for these, Paul does his best to convince his followers in Corinth—as he did his best to convince all he spoke to—that thinking things out rationally for yourself was a bad thing; and completely surrendering yourself to blind faith in Jesus was a good thing. Greece, as history loudly tells us, was the capital of scientific thinking in ancient times and its people the founders of rationality, and so Paul tells his readers how thinking is the work of the Devil; his gospel of Jesus should not be scrutinized for rationality, but accepted as the truth because of his authority through Christ. He was a silver tongued recruiter:
“For indeed Jews ask for signs, and Greeks search for wisdom… but God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise.” -1 Corinthians 1:22, 1:27.
“And my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration with the Spirit and of power, that your faith should not rest on the wisdom of men, but on the power of God.” -1 Corinthians 2:4, 5.
Remember, the “power of God” is what Paul believes he, himself, is. Preaching this illogical myth to the analytical Greeks would have been a hard task for Paul; it’s no wonder why both Corinthians letters are so long. Paul’s irrational, apocalyptic story was too confusing for them. To negate all the arguments which a man who looked to nature to prove his beliefs could ever present, Paul first coined the excuse which every Christian on earth still uses today to explain people who see the obvious holes in their religion:
“But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness to Him, and He cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised.” -1 Corinthians 2:14.
Before putting this in modern terms, I’ll point out that the Greek word used for “natural man” also translates to “worldly-minded”. With that being said, here is what Paul just said in today’s English: “The reason why people with knowledge of how the world works don’t believe in Jesus is because God thinks they’re fools. They’re so smart they can’t understand Him? How about He’s so smart, He can’t understand them!” Very mature Paul. He simplifies this statement with a misquote from the Old Testament:
“For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ.” -1 Corinthians 2:16.
Translation: “Don’t try to find out how the world works, that’s for God to know. All you need to know is what Jesus wants you to know.” Luckily for Paul, he was the one telling people what Jesus wanted them to know.
The saddest part is this is still the logic of people today. Imagine if all of us had just sat around not asking questions about the world and waited for Jesus to come back as Paul had wished. Say goodbye to every piece of technology in your house since the year 57 AD.
In short, Paul is the inventor of the most ignorant and detrimental aspect ever known to Christianity: faith over knowledge; and 1 Corinthians is a perfect example.
To Paul’s chagrin though, his letter wasn’t heeded by the Greek Corinthians—so he sent one of his recruiters, Titus, to head to Corinth and straighten things out. After meeting Titus in Macedonia weeks later, Paul heard the news that the Corinthians had gotten things together; the Second Letter to the Corinthians, also written c. 57 AD, is his response to them after receiving the good news. Unfortunately for the Corinthians, Paul also uses this opportunity to write a few pages about the importance of giving him money in the name of the Judean Saints in Jerusalem. His reasons include:
• It proves your obedience to the top-dogs:
“Because of the proof given by this ministry they will glorify God for your obedience… and for your liberality of your contribution to them and to all.” -2 Corinthians 9:13.
• It costs a lot to send men out to brainwash people into believing their ludicrous story.
“For the ministry of this service is not only supplying the needs of the saints, but is also overflowing through many thanksgivings to God.” -2 Corinthians 9:12.
• It’s just good for your soul to give us money.
“…you will be enriched with everything for all liberality, which through us is giving thanksgivings to God.” -2 Corinthians 9:10.
After this bit of extortion in his second letter, Paul goes back into his famous mode of discouraging the belief of any other people trying to say they were Christ’s apostles; he assures the Greeks that if they say that, they’re lying; only the gospel he gave them is correct:
“For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached… or a different gospel which you have not accepted, bear this beautifully. For I consider myself not in the least inferior to the most eminent apostles.” -2 Corinthians 11:4, 5.
“But what I am doing, I will continue to do, for I will cut off opportunity from those who desire… to be regarded just as we are… For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.” -2 Corinthians 13:12-14.
Every letter Paul sends someone is a declaration to beware of those who tell other accounts of Jesus. This, to me, is the typical behavior of a paranoid person trying to convince of someone of a lie. It’s comparable to the cheating boyfriend: he’s always ultra-paranoid that his girlfriend is cheating on him when she’s not; he knows there is someone else out there that she deserves, one that will treat her better; he lies about where he has been to fool her; and he’s always telling her that he loves her while he really only sees her as an object. To prove his love, Paul then admits to the Corinthians—and all else who have read his letter since—where he got the money to travel throughout Rome and preach in the first place:
“I robbed other churches taking wages from them to serve you.” –2 Corinthians 11:8.
Let’s take a second to really analyze this comment. Now, by saying, “I robbed other churches,” Paul is referring to other Christian churches, since they were the only religion to use a church as their place of worship at that time in history; and while he admits he used to persecute Christians before he became one himself, by saying, “to serve you,” he is implying he robbed these churches after his conversion. The only churches Paul would visit after becoming a Christian would be the ones he was preaching at, the ones he started himself, or the one he claimed to visit in Jerusalem. This means he is admitting he robbed the people he was converting and possibly the head Church of Jerusalem! So while he was spreading propaganda about being a good Christian brother and quoting scripture—“You shall not steal,” in Romans 13:9—he was robbing everyone blind; it’s the behaviour of an ancient sociopath!
The next year, c. 58 AD, Paul wrote his Letter to the Romans; a very telling letter in many ways. Romans was the seventh written of the New Testament books in order of chronology and sits as sixth in order of front to back. It’s the closest to where it should be out of any other of the strategically placed gospels and letters.
Paul wrote this letter from Corinth in excitement. Though tradition holds that he and Peter founded the Church of Rome, scholars disagree with this assertion. As the Ryrie Study Bible proposes, those who were converted elsewhere, like the converts spoke of on the day of the Pentecost in Jerusalem (Acts 2:10), or other Roman converts of Paul, most likely carried the gospel back to the Imperial City and began their own church; it was almost entirely gentile. By the time Paul wrote his Romans letter the Church of Rome was already widely known and he was anxious to get there to minister it. He kicks off the letter by completely contradicting the Church’s current view that Jesus and God are one in the same. Paul, and there are many examples to prove this, felt Jesus was a lesser God than his Father and he separated the two:
“Paul, a bondservant of Christ Jesus, called an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God… concerning His Son, who was born a descendant of David… who was declared the Son of God.” – Romans 1:1-4.
Paul often refers to Jesus as “Lord,” or “our Lord”; or uses the term: “God through Jesus Christ,” giving Jesus the roll of the human offspring of the Almighty God upstairs. Paul says that God isn’t for mankind to understand and that’s why he sent his son here to die—but a son is a son and a dad is a dad. It’s very close to the Gnostic’s of the first centuries viewpoint that the Orthodox Church would work so hard to destroy a hundred years later; it’s ironic they chose to use Paul’s letters for the base of their holy book at the Council of Nicaea when the Bible was finalized in the 300’s, when he noticeably disagrees with their number one tenant.
As we move along the letter to the Roman’s we begin to see Paul’s overall tactics. The same ones he uses every letter: he sucks up while tooting his own horn; then he explains how Jesus is to be worshipped on faith, not reason; and then he starts laying into the non-Christians of the area he’s writing to, telling his followers it’s because they worshipped the wrong deity that God made them foolish perverts. To illustrate, we’ll go over an example for each of these allegations:
• Kissing up with a side of horn tooting:
“First I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all… For God… is my witness as to how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers making request if perhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you. For I long to see you in order that I may impart some spiritual gift to you… Thus, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.” –Romans 1:8-15.
• Faith means blindly believing:
“As it is written, ‘but the righteous man shall live by faith.’” –Romans 1:17.
• Laying into the non-Christians of Rome and criticising their gods:
“…they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Professing to wise they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures… Therefore God gave them over to the lusts of their hearts and impurity… for they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator… For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions… men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts.” –Romans 1:21-27.
So, by Paul’s authority, since these heretics didn’t believe in the right God, He punished them by making them immoral gay sinners. Keep in mind that these are the words and philosophies of Paul, not Jesus. Absolutely none of the spiritual tenets Paul writes in his letters are based on what Jesus is alleged to have said in the gospels. They are 100% his own creations.
Next we’ll take a look at fear mongering at its pinnacle. Just as Christian Children are still told, Paul explains what you would be if you weren’t a Christian; why you would be that way; and what you would deserve for it:
“ Just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind to do these things which are not proper, being filled with all the unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are gossips, slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful… those who practice such things are worthy of death.” –Romans 1:28-32.
“Those who practice such things are worthy of death”? It’s hard to picture Jesus saying those words. In fact, they sound more like the words of the Old Testament god. Either way, they are inventions of Paul and no one else. As he relates the dialogue of his brief encounter with Jesus in the clouds three or four times in the New Testament, one must wonder where he was imparted with all this other wisdom of the thought processes of god. Jesus certainly never told him. Paul certainly claims his authority from Jesus, but where did he get all this metaphysical information from? The same place every man who has ever claimed to speak for god gets it from: their psychotic imagination.
Next in Romans something quite revealing happens towards the end of the letter—a slip up in the Bible which puts Paul’s true identity under a shining light. He begins to send greetings to Romans he knows and Romans he is related to, quite a few of them, proving he is in fact a Roman by blood; royal blood! One such name he identifies as his kinsman—meaning family member—is a man named Herodion:
“Greet those who are the household of Aristobulus. Greet Herodion, my kinsman.” –Romans 16:10, 11.
Herodion in Greek translates to “Little Herod” in English; or “Herod Junior”. During Paul’s ministry, Herod Agrippa—a persecutor of Christ’s actual continuing Jewish ministry—was the Roman King of Judea. This is the same family as King Herod Antipas, the man who executed John the Baptist and Jesus; and Paul is identifying him as his family. Let me repeat in case you missed that: Paul is openly identifying himself as a family member of the man who killed Jesus! Right before Herodion he also sends a greeting to the household of Aristobulus. Who is that? This family tree will explain:
As we can see, Aristobulus is also of Herod’s family line; he was married to Salome and fathered a son named Herod, who would be called Little Herod! Who is Salome? Ancient, first-century Roman historian for the Jews, Flavius Josephus explains everything:
“Herod [Antipas], her husband’s brother by the father’s side, he was tetrarch of Galilee; but her daughter Salome was married to Philip, the son of Herod, and tetrarch of Trachonitis; and as he died childless, Aristobulus, the son of Herod, the brother of Agrippa, married her; they had three sons, Herod, Agrippa, and Aristobulus” –Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews Book XVIII, Chapter 5.
Unbelievably, Salome is the daughter of Herodias, wife of Aristobulus, and mother of Herodion—Herod the little, or Herod Jr.; and this is also amazing for another reason relating to the death of John the Baptist. We’ll refer to Mark 6:21-29:
“And a strategic day came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet… and when the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his dinner guests; and the king said to the girl, ‘Ask me for whatever you want and I will give it to you… up to half of my kingdom.’ And she went out and said to her mother, ‘What shall I ask for?’ And she said, ‘The head of John the Baptist.’… And immediately the king commanded him to bring back his head. And he went and had him beheaded in prison, and brought the head back on a platter and gave it to the girl; and the girl gave it to her mother.”
This daughter of Herodias, as we know from the family tree and Josephus’s history, is Salome. Salome, as we also know from Josephus and the family tree, was the wife of Aristobulus and mother of Herodion. Which means this story plainly says Salome ordered the death of John the Baptist from her uncle Herod because she aroused him on his birthday! Disgusting yes, but not only that, by Paul greeting Aristobulus and addressing Herodion as his “kinsman”, he is admitting his family connections to the people who had John the Baptist and Jesus killed!
Now, with Paul being related to Herod, it suddenly makes sense how he could afford to travel Syria and Greece three times, each trip costing more than three years salary, according to the Ryrie Study Bible. He was royally funded to eradicate the growing rebellion of John the Baptist and his successors Jesus and then his brother James. Herod’s royal money would be the source of Paul’s travels and the multiple travels of his ministers, such as Barnabas and John Mark (John Mark? Do those names sound familiar?). These voyages would cost enormous amounts of money: paying for lodge, food, camel feed, water, clothes, boat fare, etc. By the Bibles own admission Herod was scared of John the Baptist’s disciples overthrowing him:
“And although he wanted to put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they regarded him as a prophet.” –Matthew 14:5.
Josephus also records:
“…John called the Baptist [the dipper]… And when others massed about him, for they were very greatly moved by his words, Herod, who feared that such strong influence over the people might carry to a revolt—for they seemed ready to do anything he should advise—believed it much better to move now than later have it raise a rebellion and engage him in actions he would regret. And so John, out of Herod’s suspiciousness, was sent in chains to Machaerus… and there put to death.” –Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 18.5.2 116-119.
To sum things up: by Paul admitting he is of Herod’s family and sending them greetings, he is tying himself in with the Roman family of Judean puppet kings who killed John the Baptist and then Jesus; and the proof is all there in the Letter to the Romans.
Next we move onto the Letter to the Philippians, written by Paul in c. 63 AD. By this time Paul was in prison in Rome for disturbing the peace repeatedly up and down the Mediterranean for twenty years with his nonsense. Philippi, actually, was the first church Paul set up in Europe, and his letter to them is quite morbid and depressing. Feeling that his execution is right around the corner, he writes of death being an accomplishment. Jesus, he feels, will be there after death to greet him; the only reason he feels he should stay alive is for the sake of his wisdom over the rest of Christendom—HA!:
“But I am hard pressed from both directions, having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for that is much better; yet to remain on in the flesh is more necessary for your sake.” –Philippians 1:23, 24.
Because of Paul’s depressing attitude of expecting death, his doctrine changes from: Jesus will come back and save us in our lifetime; to: we must die to be with Jesus in heaven:
“Many are..enemies of the cross… who set their minds on earthly things. For our citizenship is of heaven, from which we eagerly await for a savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.” –Philippians 3:18-20.
This comment is the root of one of the worst attitudes to grace the Christian’s character: Don’t try and improve the evil world you live in because you can’t; but if you’re a Christian Jesus will let you into heaven after you die. It’s an apocalyptic attitude which is detrimental the wellbeing of society and the planet. For your average death row inmate it may be a hopeful thought; to the person living elsewhere it’s a twisted morality.
In the same year he wrote Philippians, Paul also wrote a letter from prison to Philemon—a slave-owner of the Colossian Church—in regards to a man named Onesimus, a slave who had stolen Philemon, his master, and run away to Rome—a crime which carried the penalty of death. In Rome he was recruited by Paul to Christianity and convinced to go home and face the music, taking a short note from Paul asking that Onesimus not be punished for stealing, but forgiven, and that he be sent back to live with Paul afterward. There are two other letters Paul wrote from prison to the Colossians and the Ephesians, but as these are widely contended by scholars to be written later by Pauline followers in his name, we won’t bother scrutinizing them:
“While seven of the letters attributed to Paul are almost universally accepted as authentic (Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, Philemon), four are just as widely judged to be pseudepigraphical, i.e., written by unknown authors under Paul’s name: Ephesians and the Pastorals (1 and 2 Timothy and Titus).” -The Blackwell Companion to the New Testament, David E. Aune.
Now that we’ve seen the real revelations inside of the writings of Paul the Apostle, a clearer picture of Christianity is beginning to form. It was quite a bit of information so we’ll spell out the picture we’ve seen based on the evidence before we move on.
By reading the Clementine Homilies and Recognitions we confirmed:
• James, brother of Jesus, was the first bishop of the Church of Jerusalem.
• After Paul attacked James, James fled to the Dead Sea, right where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found.
• Paul was a state employed enemy of the apostles, hired to destroy Jesus’ continuing ministry under James.
By extensively reviewing Paul’s letters we found:
• He never really met Jesus in his life.
• He had no authority from Christ’s actual disciples to spread his story about Jesus.
• He invented and changed his doctrine as he went.
• He discouraged worldly knowledge.
• He demanded ultimate supremacy.
• He demanded money from all churches.
• He was a thief.
• He was a liar.
• He claimed to be Jewish at some points; gentile at others, but remained heavily anti-Semitic the entire time.
• He was related and connected to the inbred, royal family of Herod Antipas, the killer of Jesus and John the Baptist.
The Bible holds no account of how Paul died, but it is commonly held within Christianity that he had his head cut off by Emperor Nero in the mid-sixties. This is possible, but based on the evidence we’ve just seen, it’s also possible he got away scot-free. One thing is for sure, Jerusalem was attacked by Roman forces in 70 AD, the Temple was smashed to bits, the Church of Jerusalem was obliterated, and the line of Herod was no longer a monarch bloodline, so they couldn’t have gotten Paul out of trouble after that. Nevertheless, the point is, Paul was connected to some of the biggest names in Roman history by his own testimony, so it’s more than possible to assume he bowed out into the shadows after his voyage around the Mediterranean and disappeared. All his letters from prison are disputed as not being his own penmanship by experts, so it’s likely Paul became like George Orwell’s Big Brother from 1984: just a name to represent the authority behind the church. Quite obviously he was an enemy of the real followers of Jesus, hired by his “kinsman” to hijack their teachings and completely distort them in order to destroy their revolutionary momentum. By Paul inserting his gentile beliefs into the growing Church of Jerusalem’s dogma he made them look like heretics to the Jews and gave Herod a reason to have them all killed, thus keeping them from overthrowing his kingdom. Because of Paul’s efforts and twenty years of travel he brainwashed an amount of people that would make any scientologist green with envy. Almost every doctrine within Christianity was written by him; and if anyone should be recognized as the Father of all Christians, it’s not Jesus Christ, or Yesu ben Yosef as his real name would have been, it was none other than Paul the Apostle.
by Olan Thomas
Thanks for Reading! Don’t forget to subscribe and SHARE! 🙂
The Ryrie Study Bible: new American standard translation; (1976); Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.
The Nag Hammdi Library In English; (1988); Harper and Row Publishers.
Hebrew Interlinear Bible (authorized version); Westminster Leningrad with vowels;
Greek Interlinear Bible (authorized version); http://www.scripture4all.com.
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1; Philip Schaff; (1885); Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
Dating the Oldest New Testament Manuscripts; Peter Van Minnen; Duke University; http://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/papyrus/texts/manuscripts.html.
Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why; Bart D. Erhman; (2005); HarperCollins.
The Gnostic Gospels; Elaine Pagels; (1989); Vintage Books, a division of Random House.
Testimonium Flavianum, from Flavius Jospephus and His Testimony Concerning the Historical Jews; Marian Hiller Center for Philosophy and Socinian Studies.
Antiquities of the Jews: Book XVII; Flavius Josephus (c. 100 AD); http://www.jewishwritings.com.
Antiquities of the Jews Book XVIII; Flavius Josephus; Christian Classics Ethereal Library; http://www.ccel.org/j/josephus/works/ant-18.htm.
Was Jesus a Disciple of John?; William B. Badke; (1992); The Evangelical Quarterly 62:3.
John the Baptist and Josephus; J.G Goldberg; http://www.josephus.org/JohnTBaptist.htm#Salome.
The Dead Sea Scrolls; Geza Vermes; (2004); Penguin Books.
The Dead Sea Scrolls: a new translation; Michael Wise, Martin Abegg Jr., Edward Cook, (1996); Harper San Francisco.
The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered; Robert Eisenman and Michael Wise; (1993); Penguin Books.
The Clementine Homilies; Phillip Schaff (editor); Chritian Classics Ethereal Library; http://www.ccel.org.
The Recognitions of Clement; http://www.compassionatespirit.com.
Jesus the Terrorist; Peter Creswell; (2010); O Books.
The Life of Constantine (Book III); Eusebius (c. 335 AD); http://www.newadvent.org.
Constantine I; J.F Matthews and Donald MacGillivary Nicol; (2006); The Encyclopedia Britannica.The Hiram Key: Pharaohs, Freemasons and the Discovery of the Secret Scrolls of Jesus; Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas; (1996); Random House.
The Nicene Creed; The St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church.
Internet Medieval Sourcebook; Fordham Universtiy: the Jesuit University of New York; http://www. fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.asp.
The Interpretation of Matthew’s Gospel: R.C.H Lenski; (1943); Augsburg Fortress.